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Performance testing is performed to check an application’s speed, scalability, and reliability. It determines a system’s speed and degradation with different configurations under both controlled and uncontrolled scenarios. It highlights what needs to be improved in an app before it is launched into the market. Thus, organizations consider performance testing services worth it and invest without hesitation. 

Tips for Effective Mobile App Performance Testing

Performance testing can be carried out in different ways, but the main objective of this process remains the same. Following are a few guidelines for performance testing of mobile apps:

1. Test Planning:

Once performance testers are ready for testing, they begin with a proper test plan and check all the available resources for testing. The performance test plan describes the overall strategy to complete the mobile app testing successfully. 

2. Test Environment:

Testers need to ensure they identify all the software, hardware, and network configurations required in the test environment to enable a smooth process. It allows development teams and testers to identify all the performance test errors at an earlier stage in the development process. During performance testing services, testing teams set a proper environment to achieve their objectives. 

Types of testing Environment:

  1. Replicate production system
  2. Actual production system
  3. Production system with a few servers with low specifications
  4. Production system with a few servers with the same specifications

3. Define Formats for Displaying System Usage:

It is important for testers to define the necessary formats needed to measure the performance of an application. A few of which are:

Task Distribution Diagram - It provides information on the number of users required for a particular process and the time taken to load. The peak and off usages can be determined through this step.

Transaction Profile Sheet - It provides information about the transaction names, a summary of transactions at a particular point of time, screen navigation, etc. 

User Profile Diagram - It highlights the user load time and pages accessed by different users.

4. Deciding What to Test First:

The following are a few factors for deciding which process needs to be tested first. It is essential as it guides the total performance testing process:

  • High business risk processes are tested first
  • The most frequently used processes are tested
  • Peak usage hours of an app are analyzed
  • Peak days of the month, quarter and year
  • Linked processes
  • Resource intensive processes

5. Documenting

Testers use documentation to obtain information for virtual users such as user actions, expected results of each action, input data fields, and valid data for input. By identifying these details, there will be a clearly defined scope for performance tests against each user action. 
When performing performance testing services for a mobile application, the above-mentioned tips can help testers work like a pro. It is important to follow a few guidelines to steer testing in the right direction for achieving performance benchmarks and meeting the user expectations under various user loads. A performance testing firm ensures that all tools and processes are used to deliver what users expect from an application.

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Testing is an out-and-out method to get an error-free software. It's a method of validating and formalizing the applications under test and finding bugs, if present. To put it differently, it is a procedure to analyze whether the item meets expectations. Therefore, testing becomes an integral part of quality assurance.

There are quite a few ways of analyzing a software and regression testing is of these.

What's Regression Testing?

In simple words, it's just a repetition of evaluations. It's a type of test that strengthens the workability of the applications by a regenerative process after it's interfaced with other software. In regression testing, you ensure that your developed products operate nicely even after making modifications like alteration in the applications, enhancements, discovering bugs, and optimization.

Is Regression Testing exactly the same as UAT?

No! User Acceptance Testing, or UAT, isn't the same as regression testing. UAT is a conventional waterfall concept that follows a sequential design process, essentially in a top-to-bottom approach. Here, the complete program is designed as a package after numerous tests and finally handed over to the consumer.

Regression testing falls in an agile environment where both the consumer and the programmers are active participants. In regression testing, retests are done on alterations to the software to be certain any new changes that were introduced do not disrupt the activity of formerly working software.

Who Does Regression Testing?

The question is, who will perform this regression testing? It's basically achieved by code testing experts who have knowledge of the programming language used and also can detect and correct any bug in the program under test.

Challenges

Testing and retesting sounds very simple, however there are a Couple of points to keep in mind while doing regression testing:

Requirement challenges: In the agile surroundings of regression testing, the first challenge encountered is the client's requirement.

Tool choice: For the efficient and excellent functionality of agile, is it necessary is pick the right tool for analyzing; conventional testing tools will not do.

Communication: Communication is a challenge. It is crucial for the whole staff to be collaborative so that they make the essential changes efficiently and get the target on time.

Time-consuming: All agile products should undergo continuous improvement. Consequently, it becomes time-consuming to test the present applications over and over.

Complexity: with each modification, the product gets more complex and testing becomes tedious.

The Need for Regression Testing

Why is regression testing performed, after all? Whenever you develop new applications, you want to inspect it again and again to confirm its functionality. Further, it is mandatory to test your program whenever any new attribute is added for performance without any flaws.

The Way to Do Regression Testing

There are few Straightforward steps you should follow to carry out regression testing:

Identify the need: Once the software is designed, it must be continuously modified according to the essential requirements of their client.

Establish requirements and criteria: Considering that regression relies in an agile environment, a client can send their own requirements called"customer related functionalities," which should be prioritized.

Determine the starting point: In an agile environment, you should be aware of where beginning for an easy and effective test.

Determine the quitting point: like the beginning point, the block line ought to be predetermined.

Merits of Regression Testing

The benefits of this testing process comprise

Regression testing can be achieved using automation tools.

It makes certain that bugs, once debugged, are gone permanently.

It will help improve the quality of the merchandise for a high QA check.

Let's flip the coin and look in its own disadvantages, too:

The application needs to be tested every time new modifications are made to the product and it becomes tedious to check the entire program over and over.

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The mobile network is growing rapidly. Mobile Software now comprises all types such as from video up to mobile banking apps. We all know that testing mobile app is a rather intricate process.

There are numerous programs and Operating Systems, kinds of testing situations, and many different network connections and carriers in the picture for mobile applications.

Android & iOS are the most popular cellphone operating systems. There are millions of programs designed for these platforms which need to be tested.

What is Mobile Software Testing?

Mobile Software Testing is the method where software developed and designed for mobile devices (smartphones, tablet PCs or telephones ) are analyzed for its functionality, consistency, and usability.

Mobile Testing drops in the following categories:

Functional Testing: Fundamental Kind of Testing used to test functionalities of this program according to requirement specification

Performance testing: Performed for testing customer application performance, server performance, and network functionality

Memory testing: Mobile devices include restricted memory as compared to computers, this Kind of testing is done to Check the enhanced memory usage by an application

Interruption Testing: Employed to check interruption Because of incoming call or SMS, low memory warning, low battery warning etc when running the program

Setup Testing: Setup Testing is used to check for the easy and smooth installation process includes updating and simplifying too

Usability Testing: As always it used to check the efficacy, effectiveness, and satisfaction of application

Categories of Mobile Automation Testing Tools:

  • Greatest Mobile App Testing Tools
  • Cloud-Based Mobile Testing Tools and Services
  • Mobile App Distribution and Crash Reporting Tools for Developers
  • Mobile Performance Testing Tools
  • Mobile Emulators to Test Websites Online on Mobile Devices
  • Mobile Optimization A/B Testing Tool
  • Mobile Defect Logging and Test Management Tool
  • Mobile App Testing Services and Service Providers

Best Mobile Testing Tools 2020

Mobile app testing can be automated or manual. There are several mobile test automation applications utilized for this, maybe not all but a few of them are listed below according to popularity and usage.

Here we go. .

#1) TestComplete Mobile

With TestComplete, it is possible to make and run repeatable and robust UI tests across native or hybrid mobile apps.TestComplete includes support for Android and iOS apparatus.

  • Automate your UI tests on actual mobile devices, virtual machines, or emulators. With TestComplete, there is no requirement to jailbreak your telephone or tablet.
  • Utilize script-free document and replay actions to make automated test scripts or choose from programming languages like Python, VBScript, JScript, or JavaScript.

#2) Ranorex Studio

Ranorex Studio is an all round solution for mobile program testing. Used by over 4,000 companies worldwide, Ranorex Studio is simple for novices using a codeless click-and-go interface and helpful wizards, but powerful for automation specialists with a complete IDE. Supports iOS and Android testing, such as native cellular programs and mobile web apps.

Features include:

  • Reputable object identification, also for web elements with lively IDs.
  • Shareable item repository and reusable code modules for efficient evaluation creation and decreased maintenance.
  • Evaluation on real devices without jailbreaking
  • Run cross-device evaluations in parallel or use Appium WebDriver for cellular web tests
  • Customizable evaluation report with video reporting of test execution -- see what occurred in a test conducted without needing to re-run the test!
  • Integrates with programs such as Jira, Jenkins, TestRail, Git, Travis CI, and more.
  • Website link: Start Your Free 30-Day Trial Of Ranorex Studio

#3) Experitest

Experitest: Accelerate mobile testing cycles and boost the quality of your releases with high-volume automated android testing

  • Produce & implement hundreds of automated tests in parallel to real Android devices in the cloud
  • Easily make your first Appium evaluation
  • Run advanced mobile test automation directly from your IDE
  • Automate any type of application, gesture, and situation
  • Integrate with your CI/CD applications and workflow
  • Automated mobile testing under real-life conditions
  • Incorporate into almost any IDE, testing frame & CI for rapid application delivery
  • Access visual test reports and innovative analytics

#4) Test IO -- Solving Your Mobile Testing Requires

Test IO is a leading SaaS platform for applications crowd testing: the constant testing of web and mobile applications by skilled human testers using actual devices. We understand the issues you will face in rigorously testing quality mobile apps, so let us help.

  • Test on actual devices -- Expand your policy to hundreds of devices, platforms, and real people in real-world conditions. Make sure your software works on iOS, Android, and each OS version.
  • Get feedback from actual people -- Our specialist testers have unbiased and fresh eyes on your goods. Testers find bugs that your internal team might not catch.
  • Release quicker -- Human-powered doesn't mean slow. Remove the QA bottleneck with in-built, flexible testing that scales up with your needs.

#5) Kobiton (iOS And Android Device Cloud)

Kobiton is a portable device cloud system that offers access to real devices for running manual and automated tests on native, net and hybrid Android/iOS apps

  • Constructed on top of this Appium open-source framework
  • Continuously adding the latest hardware and OS updates into the apparatus lab
  • Evaluation across apparatus without script modifications
  • Automatically generated activity logs, commands, screenshots, and metadata allow for faster identification of issues
  • Prepaid minutes of testing period that never expire.

#6) Robotium (Android)

Robotium is an Open-Source library designed specifically for Android UI testing

  • It is an Android test automation framework provides support for hybrid and native apps
  • It's used for automated black box testing for Android program with TestDroid Recorder and utilizes JavaScript to prepare test scripts
  • With the test scripts, in Addition, It enables writing function, user and system acceptance test scenarios
  • System Prerequisites : Android SDK, Eclipse for constructing the Exam project, ADT (Android Development Kit), JDK (Java Development Kit), Latest Robotium Jar file

#7) Calabash (Android and iOS)

Calabash is an automated acceptance testing framework preserved by Xamarin and Calabash consisting and may be contrasted with Selenium Web Driver

  • It's used to perform Automated Functional Testing for cellular native programs
  • It consists of 2 open-source libraries for example you for Android and yet another for iOS for testing hybrid and native apps
  • It may provide the APIs for technical for touch screening encounters
  • It works well with Ruby, Java, .NET, Flex and Several other programming languages

System Requirements:

  • Calabash needs Ruby 2.0, or even higher. OS X Mavericks comes with Ruby 2.0 installed.
  • Calabash does require some knowledge of the bash prompt and Terminal. It will be necessary to update the document ~/.bash_profile.
  • IOS devices should have the Xamarin Test Cloud Agent installed.

#8) Appium (Android and iOS)

  • Appium is an Open-Source instrument for monitoring of native, mobile and net as well as hybrid programs on iOS and Android platform
  • It is good for programs which are written in Android or iOS SDK
  • Appium supports Safari on iOS along with the Rest of the built-in browser programs around Android
  • No need to change any app code for testing as It's suitable to run on Android or iOS using the device or emulator
  • This tool is also used for Automated Functional Testing of Android and iOS mobile apps

#9) MonkeyTalk (Android and iOS)

MonkeyTalk automates functional interactive tests for both Android and iOS apps

  • It is an open-source application consist of three components like IDE, Scripts, and brokers
  • IDE produces test scripts using playback and record, Agent is an evaluation instrumentation library connections with the app and Scripts include keywords, syntax, along with Java execution engines
  • Everything from small"Smoke Tests" to the tough data-driven test suits for indigenous, hybrid and on-line programs

System Requirements:

  • The PC running the MonkeyTalk IDE as well as also the device running the program under test has to be on the same wifi system
  • Eclipse
  • The source code of this program
  • Android SDK

#10) iOS UI Automation(iOS)

IOS UI Automation is Apple's open-source test automation framework specifically for iOS programs

  • helps automate interface tests through test scripts
  • JavaScript programming interface is used to specify actions to be performed on apparatus UI
  • It Doesn't work well with other tools, methodology, and frame as it is a proprietary instrument
  • It helps to reduce behavioural attempts and time needed for software product creation

System Requirements:

  • IOS SDK (4.0+) installed(latest one is recommended)
  • 4.x simulator/device
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Spice up your Instagram feed – Instagram Hacks

Originally posted on: https://usa.life/read-blog/969_spice-up-your-instagram-feed-instagram-hacks.html There is no doubt; Instagram is the best to promote your small medium-sized business by targeting millions of people at Instagram. It is very easy to set up your Instagram profile, but the main thing is that what should be posted in the Instagram news feed to impact at people. So here in this article, you will read about ideas and strategy to boost your business as well as an Instagram news feed. Check out below.

Show off the product and services posts

If you have a great designer or creative graphic designer, you can ask him to make an impressive social media post by using your products. As a showcase of your products by targeting the right audience using hash tags is the first great idea to make a decision of purchase by your customers. And there are plenty of things you can do to be creative with your products and services while posting over Instagram news feed. Creative visuals help to buy Instagram followers in a short span of time.  Here is one tip for you to know is that always try to add a feeling with your product images, as an emotional touch at your images gives the biggest glimpse.

Convert customers with product tags

Products tags and stickers posts are a unique way to post the stories and Instagram news feed, this type of techniques enable your customers to make a direct purchase. So apply it and sell your products as this is the most easier and convenient way to make a purchase.

Go Live

Live video is the most effective way to make a relationship with your customers quickly. And it is best because it is authentic if you are going to organize any event; you can start a live video to show your audience and interact with you in real-time. The audience will share with you their views and will write comments over your products and services, so this is a great way to know your customers' views about your products and services.  Before to start the live video, you should first announce it, so your audience stays tune about live video, have a good plan and practice what are you going to show your customers, try to use good background and lighting effect before to start the live video.

Taking creative visuals, effective product tags, and live videos are the best way to spice up your Instagram feed, and in this way, you can buy Instagram likes and followers easily. Start it from today and boost your Instagram profile.

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A Brief Overview Of Regression Testing

Studies have indicated that after installing a new app, only a quarter of the users return to the app on the second day. The retention rate is eminently low and the majority of the users uninstall the app after the first use. You might have guessed the reason for this. If you think the reason is scanty testing then you are correct. A lot of times testers show little interest when testing is repetitive. Although regression testing is crucial to the success of the project, it is often overlooked to some extent. So let’s understand the concept of regression testing.

What is Regression Testing

In simple terms, regression testing can be defined as retesting a computer program after some changes are made to it to ensure that the changes do not adversely affect the existing code. Regression testing increases the chance of detecting bugs caused by changes to the application. It can help catch defects early and thus reduce the cost to resolve them.
 
Regression testing ensures the proper functioning of the software so that the best version of the product is released to the market. Although, creating and maintaining a near-infinite set of regression tests is not feasible at all. This is why enterprises are focusing on automating most of the regression tests to save time and effort.

Types of Regression Testing

There are different types of regression testing for different phases of testing. Let’s understand the types of regression testing.

Types-of-Regression-Testing.png

Unit Testing: It is done when coding changes are made for a single unit and a tester re-runs all previously-passed unit tests. Often automated unit tests are built into the code to make unit testing efficient.
 
Progressive Testing: This type of testing works effectively when there are changes done in the software/application specifications as well as new test cases are designed.
 
Selective Testing: In this to cut down the retesting cost and effort, testers use a subset of the current test cases. A test unit must be rerun when there are changes in the program entities it covers.
 
Retest-All Testing: In this, we reuse all test cases even where the changes have not been made. It shouldn’t be done where there is a small change in the application as it is very time-consuming.
 
Complete Testing: Complete testing is effective when multiple changes have been done in the existing code. It is done to identify unexpected bugs and the final system can be made available to the user once complete testing is done.

How to Derive a Regression Testing Plan

Whenever there is a change in the app or a new version is released the developer carries out these tests as a part of the regression testing process.
 
First, the developer executes unit-level regression tests to validate the code that they have modified along with any new test that is created to cover any new functionality. Then the changed code is merged and integrated to create a new build of AUT. After that smoke tests are performed to assure that the build that we have created in the previous step is good before any additional testing is performed.

Regression-Testing-Plan.png

These tests can be executed automatically by continuous integration services such as Jenkins. Once we get the assurance that the build is perfect then we do the sanity testing to confirm that the functionality works as expected and known defects are resolved before conducting integration testing.
 
Integration testing is performed to verify that the units of the apps interact with each other and with backend services such as databases. The next step is to schedule regression tests depending on the size and the scope of the code either a partial or a full regression test may take place.

Regression-Testing-Execution-1.png

Defects are reported back to the development team and many require additional runs of regression testing to confirm the resolution. So based on the test reports you can analyze and figure out what test cases can be added for the next checking process as well and you create your report on that.

Regression Testing Challenges

Automation is always a smart move but there will be some challenges that would need your attention. Let’s have a look at the challenges that you might face in automation testing.
 
Cost is High
In terms of business expenses, the company will have to invest a lot of time and money in repetitive testing. Also, there’s no specific return on investment that is attached to regression testing. It is a complicated process and to explain the importance of regression testing in terms of business benefits to the management is really difficult. But this has to be done to draw the budget for the testing even though it is expensive from a management point of view.
 
Unstructured Information
If new testers are recruited during the ongoing software testing project, either to speed up the process or to release some of the tasks. The existing testers in the organization might not have time to give complete details about the functionalities and features of the app, existing bugs, delivery time, etc. The new testers might have to initiate testing with inadequate data about the ongoing testing project. Challenges like these need an appropriate test strategy for efficient collaboration.
 
Time Restrictions
The focus of enterprises is on developing quality apps and delivering them faster. This is why regression testing is always time-bound. Testers always get a deadline to complete the process of regression testing. To keep pace with time, The testers might have to take chances to give more importance to the critical regression tests and skip a few tests. It is a serious challenge as it is critical to decide which tests can be skipped.
 
Maintenance and Optimization
A major challenge is to maintain and optimize the existing regression test suites. The existing regression test suites might need modification like adding, removing or editing the existing test cases, whenever there are new changes. All this need to be done before the deadline fixed for the regression testing. Therefore, optimization and maintenance is another challenge that needs attention.

Best Practices to Perform Regression Testing

Now that we are aware of the challenges in regression testing. Let’s have a look at the key changes we can do to enhance it.
 
Focus on the Frequently Used Paths
Frequently used paths also make the most frequent use cases for your app. They must include the most popular features and the basic functionality of your app. You should be aware of the core group of users and their usual interaction with the app features. The regression test cases must ensure that this core functionality is working as expected.
 
Update the Regression Pack Regularly
A regression pack is a collection of test cases that are performed when a new app version is released or if there are any new updates. The tests in a regression pack are created keeping in mind the app’s older version requirement specifications. Ad-hoc tests should be included in the regression pack to keep it up to date. You wouldn’t want to waste your time on tests to validate an old feature that is not included in the latest version of the app.
 
Create an Entry/Exit Criteria
The entry/exit criteria that we usually follow in the software development lifecycle can be implemented in regression testing as well.
As entry criteria, a fixed set of conditions need to be met like reviewing bugs and performing regression testing to fix those bugs. Exit criteria can be applied with a fixed set of conditions like making sure that all the tests are executed and no bugs remain unfixed.
 
Automate Regression Tests
Automating regression tests makes the process much more efficient and saves time and effort. Repetitive testing can make testers lethargic and testers might lose motivation. It also affects the quality of their work as the testing is repetitive. Automated regression testing will free up resources to work on the more complicated tests. When we use automation, the test cases along with the software can also be reused which increases the return on investment.

In a Nutshell

Change is hardest at the beginning, messiest in the middle and best at the end. This quote by Robin Sharma suits the importance of regression testing in delivering a smooth functioning app. As mentioned earlier in this blog, different types of regression testing can be performed at all stages of the testing life cycle. And there are ways to overcome the challenges in regression testing too.
 
One option is to use a cloud-based app testing platform which will enhance the effectiveness of regression testing by many folds. There will be hundreds of devices to perform testing in parallel and features which complement regression testing automation.

Originally posted on https://www.pcloudy.com/a-brief-overview-of-regression-testing/

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Selenium Testing For Effective Test Automation

While there is a substantial increment in the mobile apps market share, web apps are still prevalent with a significant user base. Enterprises are focusing on the quality at speed when it comes to web apps, before deployment. This is where testing has an important role to play. UI testing is still mostly a manual process unlike some functional testing which can be automated. But it is sensible to automate testing which will save time and effort. When it comes to automation, Selenium testing is the first thing that comes to mind as it is the most popular test automation tool in the world. So let’s learn more about selenium testing.
 

What is Selenium Testing

 
Selenium testing tool is open-source and it enables users to drive interactions with the page and test the app across various platforms. It allows users to control a browser from their preferred language like Java, JavaScript, C#, PHP, Python, etc. Selenium has many tools and APIs for automating user interactions on HTML JavaScript apps on browsers like IE, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, etc.

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Selenium Framework is a code structure that helps to simplify and reuse the code. Without frameworks, we will place the code as well as data in the same place which is neither re-usable nor readable. Selenium automation frameworks are beneficial for higher portability, increased code re-usage, higher code readability, reduced script maintenance cost, etc.
 

What is Selenium Web Driver

 
Selenium WebDriver accepts commands via the client API and sends them to browsers. Selenium WebDriver is a browser-specific driver which helps in accessing and launching the different browsers like Chrome, Firefox, IE, etc. The WebDriver provides an interface to create and run automation scripts and every browser has different drivers to run the tests. The different drivers are IE Driver, Firefox Driver, Safari Driver, Chrome Driver, etc.
 
Selenium WebDriver was introduced to negate limitations of Selenium RC, which offers enhanced support for web pages where the elements on a page change without reloading. Many browsers support selenium WebDriver and it uses each browser’s native support for automation testing. The features are supported and direct calls are made depending on the browser that is being used.

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WebDriver Project depends on the programming language as well as the development environment. Selenium supports multiple languages and projects can be set up using many programming languages. Selenium provides JavaScript bindings on npm. Java projects can be setup using Maven and it will also download Java bindings and dependencies to create the project.
 
Run pip install selenium from the command line to add selenium in a python environment. C# bindings are there as part of a set of signed dlls and dependency dlls. You can get PHP bindings through third parties, including Chibimagic and Facebook. To add Selenium to your Ruby environment, run gem install selenium web driver from the command line.
 
Once you set up the environment, the selenium webdriver operates like a normal library. The selenium webdriver can self sustain as there is no need to run any installers or process before using it.
 

Writing a Script for Selenium Automation

 
Let’s see how to launch a browser from the script. Make sure you have downloaded the selenium jar files and the third-party drivers. To launch a browser, the first thing you need to do is to create an object for web driver. Then use a get method to launch a new browser session and direct it to the URL specified in the parameters.
 
Now you need the system pointing to the location of the downloaded exe file of your browser. You can do that by using System.setProperty. Then provide the browser driver in the key and the path to the location of the browser exe file in the value. Here System is a build-in class and setProperty is a method to access the browser driver.

Script-for-Selenium-Automation.png

Once the path is set, you need to create an object for the WebDriver class. Hover the mouse on the highlighted value and then import from the list as we have already added the jar files in the project.
 
There are two more methods, driver.close() which can be used to close the active browser window and driver.quit() is used to close the browser as well as all the associated window.
 
To get the ID of any element in a web page like a button, image, logo, textbox etc., Just right-click and select inspect. You will get the source code from where you can copy the ID to be used in the script. You can also use any other element locator for the script.

login-to-start-the-testing.png

 

Now mention the driver instance and select the findElement method from the WebDriver class. Then select the ID locator and mentions the value which we copied from the source code. Use sendKeys to pass some value to a particular web element.
 

How to use Selenium IDE for Test Automation

 
Running test cases in Selenium IDE is easy. It is a Firefox plug-in which helps in recording the test and convert into code. There are multiple options for running a test case including a “Run” button to run the displayed test case.
 
The “Run All” button is used to run the test cases in the test suite that are currently loaded. The “Pause” button allows pausing and restarting of a running test case. There is a “Speed” button to maintain the speed of the test case runs. With the “Record” button you can record the actions taken in the web browser.
 

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You can also use a base URL in selenium IDE to run test cases in multiple domains by mentioning a relative URL as the argument to open the test case.
 
The table displays the command and their parameters in a readable format. Whereas the command target and value fields display the currently selected command along with its parameters. The log will show you any kind of error messages and information messages and in the reference, you will find the documentation of the selenium command currently used.
 
You can use a simple HTML file and define your list of tests to define a test suite. Each row in the file should define the path to the tests you want to add in the suite. You’ll find many ways to put these tools to use to improve the development and testing processes.
 

To Sum Up

 
Enterprises are always looking to optimize the testing process and automation is one way to do it. Although it is important to use an effective tool for automation and Selenium automation testing is the best choice as it is open source and easy to use. Apart from Selenium testing, you can also opt for advanced tools like pCloudy, which has better features to make automation testing smooth as butter.

 
Related Articles:

 

 Originally posted on https://www.pcloudy.com/selenium-testing-for-effective-test-automation/

 

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Functional Testing Vs Non-Functional Testing

According to a report, app crashes cause 71% of uninstalls. Other reasons that compel users to uninstall the app are page response time, confusing UI, battery consumption, etc. This indicates the importance of functional testing as well as non-functional testing to deliver a user-friendly app. So let’s understand what is functional testing.
 

What is Functional Testing?

 
Functional testing is done to make sure that the functions of an app are working in conformance with the requirement specification. It is black box testing and does not go into the details of the source code of the app. While performing functional testing the focus should be on the user-friendliness of the main functions of the app.
To perform functional testing first we need to identify test input and compute the expected outcomes with the selected test input values. Then execute the test cases and compare the actual data to the expected result.

functional-testing.png

Functional Testing Types

 
Let’s have a look at different types of functional testing for mobile applications.
 

Unit Testing

 
In Unit Testing, individual components of a software application are tested during the development phase. Unit Testing is usually done by developers instead of testers. A function which is in the form of a section of code is tested to verify the accuracy. Drivers, unit testing frameworks, mock objects, and stubs are used to perform unit testing.
 
Unit testing is usually Automated, but sometimes it can be done manually. A manual approach can be done with the help of an instructional document. Unit testing can be performed on all types of mobile applications.
In automated unit testing, a developer writes code in the app to test the function or procedure. Once the app is deployed, that code can be removed. The function can be isolated to test the app rigorously and it reveals the dependencies between the code being tested and other units. Then the dependencies can be eliminated. Most of the developers use unit test automated framework to log the failing test cases.
 

Integration Testing

 
Integration testing is done to check if the individual components of the app function as expected when integrated. Integration testing is usually done after unit testing when all the builds are tested and combined.
 

Sanity Testing

 
Sanity testing is performed after receiving the software build with minor changes in the functionality to make sure that the errors are rectified and there will be no issues due to these changes in the future. The goal is to test the function on a superficial level and not thoroughly to see if the developer has rationally built the function or not.
 
Usually, these following steps are considered while performing sanity testing. Mark the modifications introduced in the code with the newly added features. Evaluate these marked features to ensure if they are fulfilling their motive. Then test the related features, associated parameters, and elements to ensure their proper working. After all this, the build can be subjected to other advanced testing methods. It’s better to use a cloud-based testing platform rather than online Android emulators as they provide hundreds of device browser combinations.
 

Smoke Testing

 
It is done to check if the build is stable enough to proceed with further testing. Smoke testing is done end to end and not for a particular component as we do insanity testing.
 

Regression Testing

 
Regression testing is done to check if the newly added code does not have any adverse effect on the functionality of the app. This is done when there is a new feature added in the app or simply if there are some changes in the code. The changes in the code can impact the existing flow of the product or have bugs. This can be evaluated by doing regression testing. In regression testing, the motive is to initiate the optimization, enhancement and fixing the issue if needed in the existing feature.
 

System Testing

 
System testing is the testing of a fully integrated software product. The software is interfaced with hardware and other software and a series of test are conducted on the fully integrated app on the system. It can be a white box or black box both.
 

Beta/User Acceptance Testing

 
This testing happens in the final phase of the testing process before the app is ready to be released. It is performed by the client/user to validate end to end business flow and the user-friendliness.
 

What is Non-Functional Testing?

Nonfunctional testing is designed to evaluate the readiness of an app with various criteria like in load testing, scalability testing, stress testing, etc. It evaluates how well the app will perform in challenging conditions.
 

Non Functional Testing Types

 
Let’s look at the 5 major types of non-functional testing for mobile applications.
 

Performance Testing

 
Performance testing is done to ensure that the app will work smoothly under the expected workload. The goal is to find performance issues like reliability, resource usage, etc and not to find bugs. Three main things that we should keep in mind while doing performance testing are quick response, maximum user load, and stability in a varied environment. Even if you are focusing on mobile testing and using online Android emulators, performance testing cannot be avoided.
 

Types of Performance Testing:

 

Endurance Testing:

This done to check if the app can withstand the load that it is expected to have to endure for a long period of time.
 

Scalability Testing:

It is done to check the performance of an app in maximum load and minimum load at software, hardware, and database level.
 

Load Testing:

In this, the system simulates actual user load on any app to check the threshold for the max load the app can bear.
 

Stress Testing:

This is done to check the reliability, stability and error handling of an app under extreme load conditions.
 

Spike Testing:

In this, an app is tested with sudden increment and decrement in the user load. By performing spike testing, we also get to know the recovery time for the app to stabilize.
 

Volume Testing:

This done to analyze the apps behavior and response time when flooded with a large amount of data.
 

Compatibility Testing

 
Compatibility testing is performed to make sure that the app works as expected on different hardware, operating systems, network environments, and screen sizes.
 

Security Testing

 
Security testing is the most important part of the mobile app testing process and it ensures that your app is secure and not vulnerable to any external threat like malware and virus. By doing this we can figure out the loopholes in the app which might lead to loss of data, revenue or trust in the organization.
 
Let’s have a look at the major security threats that should be eliminated during security testing.
 

Privilege elevation

 
In this, the hacker might app but he/she can increase the privilege that has been provided by already have an account in your app and using the services provided by your default. For example, if the app has a clause for some credits for referring this app to a friend then the hacker can extend the limit and get more money out of it.
 

Unauthorized data access

 
The most common type of attack is by gaining unauthorized access to fetch valuable information. This can be done simply by hacking the login credentials or by hacking the server to access the data.
 

URL manipulation

 
Hackers manipulate the URL query string if the app or website used HTTP GET method to transfer data between the client and the server. The QA team can pass a modified parameter value to see if the server accepts it.
 

Denial of service

 
This type of attack is done to render the services of the app by making it inaccessible to the end-users. In this, the hackers can also rapture the working mechanism of the app and the server machine to make it unstable.
 

Usability Testing

 
Usability testing is performed by a small set of users to figure out the usability defects in the application. It is done in the initial phase of software development when the design is proposed. The focus is on how easy it is for the user to use the app and if the system is meeting its expected objective. This type of mobile testing can also be performed on online android emulators.
 
There are a few methods by which we can carry out usability testing. One is during the design phase where you can evaluate the design by just drawing on a piece of paper. Random tests can also be done once the app is build to check for usability. That can be done by real users on the site which can then provide the result. Apart from that, a tool might be very helpful with the statistics based on the inputs on design and wireframes.
 
The first step to perform usability testing structurally is to identify the user to perform the usability app. It is necessary to choose the users according to the behavior of the app with a difference in geography, age, gender, etc. The next step is to design the task that the user is supposed to perform and then it the time to analyze the results of the testing done.
 
Usability can be done in an isolated test area in front of observers who will inspect the testing and create a report on the assigned task. The next option is remote usability testing. In this, the observer and the testers are located in different locations and the task assigned is done remotely. Testers details like their reactions will be recorded by automated software.
 

Localization Testing

 
This is done to assure that the app is customized and behaves as per the culture of the country in which it will be available. The key focus is on the content and the UI of the app. The app goes through a process of testing to check if the default language, date & time format, currency, etc are designed as per the targeted region.
 
Difference between Functional Testing and Non-Functional Testing
 

 

Functional TestingNon-Functional Testing
It is done to validate the actions and operations of an application.To verify the performance of the application.
Focus is on user requirements.Focus in on user expectations.
It is executed before non-functional testing.It is executed after functional testing.
It is easy to define functional requirements.It is difficult to define requirements for non-functional testing.
Eg: Check login functionality.Eg: the page should load in 1 second.
Functional testing is easy to be executed by manual testingNon-functional testing should be automated.

 

Conclusion

 
On average, an app loses 95% of the new users after the first 3 months. This is because there is less focus on the testing and as a result the app has bugs. This can be avoided with a good strategy and tools to perform functional testing and non-functional testing on the apps. pCloudy has features that make functional testing and non-functional testing easy and fast. It is important for the users as it will save them money and resources.

Originally posted on https://www.pcloudy.com/functional-testing-vs-non-functional-testing/ 

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Why Choose Automation for Cross Browser Testing

It is necessary to check cross-browser compatibility to ensure that the app is working fine on all the web browsers. Sometimes when you open an app on a web browser it might not look or feel convenient and there might be some issues like image/test overlapping, navigation, alignment, etc. These issues degrade the user experience which will eventually lead to low traffic and existing user attrition. This is why cross-browser testing is an integral part of the QA process and should not be avoided.

What is Cross Browser Testing?

  • Browser compatibility testing can be automated or done manually.
  • In manual cross-browser testing, the testers have to test the app on multiple OS, device and browser combinations. This is why it is a time-consuming process.
  • The main issues are with the UI and the main features are tested on different screen sizes to check if the look and feel are similar to what was expected.
  • In automated cross-browser testing, there is a need to create the test script initially then there is minimal human supervision is required.
  • Efficient automation tools will take much less time to perform the testing.

 Automation for Cross Browser Testing

 
Automation has reduced the time and effort put into cross-browser testing by 80 percent. The only human work goes into writing the initial test script and selecting the tool. Let’s look at the reasons why we should automate cross-browser testing.
 
Run Multiple tests simultaneously: When it comes to regression testing and running multiple tests for an app, automated testing saves the day. So if your app is already in the market and you launch a new version then automated cross-browser testing helps you to deliver faster. When a new feature is to be launched in the app and the build is sent to the testing team, they will take some weeks to perform all types of testing. This time can be reduced to a few hours using Automation testing tools.
 
Improved test accuracy: Even the experienced testers can make an error while testing the app manually. Although in Automation testing the accuracy is very high and the detailed reports are recorded. Testers can review the testing process and create new Automated test with the help of those reports.
 
Save Time and Money: Cross-browser testing require repetitive tests and so it can be a boring and time-consuming process. These repetitive tests can be automated to save time, effort and return on investment. You just need to make sure that everything is included in the test script to avoid gray areas in the app functioning.
 
Better Test Coverage: The time taken to perform any web app testing is dependent on the type of feature or functionality you have to test. The length of the test affects the cross-browser testing process. For example, end to end testing can be difficult if done manually. It will take much time and effort to do so. This why automation testing can be used if you have to run the test on multiple devices with multiple browser-OS combinations.
 

Feasibility of Local Test Environment

 
There are many types of devices in the market with different screen sizes, OS versions, Browsers, etc. To create the desired test environment, you will have to have all these combinations and you will have to set up a device lab. This will take huge investments and efforts to maintain the lab. Also, there is an issue of geographically distributed teams accessing the devices. Apart from that, you will have minimum flexibility as scaling up or down will be difficult.
 

Advantages of Cloud-Based Cross Browser Testing

 
There are many Cloud-based cross-browser testing tools in the market which will help you achieve your testing goal without investing a lot. This is one of the reasons why cloud-based cross-browser testing is better than setting up a local test environment. Let’s have a look at some other advantages which will give you a reason to opt for cloud-based option.
 
Multiple Test Environment Support: Heterogeneity in the operating system versions, device screen sizes, browser versions makes it necessary to perform tests on many combinations of device/OS/browser. This means a lot of effort will be put in to test the functions of an app on multiple devices. This could be avoided by testing the app on a cloud-based device platform.
 
In the cloud-based testing platform, you will be able to select the devices of your choice and perform parallel testing on multiple devices without buying one. This will save you money and effort to put up a device lab. While running the test in parallel on multiple devices with different OS browser combination will save time, it will also increase the accuracy significantly as compared to testing the app feature manually.
 
All time access to resources: The testing team can access the tool at any time by just logging into the tool and selecting the devices according to the market research report on popular devices in the region. Testing can be performed at any time which means there is no foundation and this comes in handy when the deadline is near. Having all time access to the device cloud will contribute to continuous testing and ensure faster deployment.
 
Scalability: While handling multiple projects the team might have needed many devices at times and very few on some occasions. This means that most of the devices in your device lab might rarely be used and sometimes you might have to buy more to add in the environment. This improper management of resources can be avoided by using Cloud-based device platform. Here you can select the devices which you actually need to perform the cross-browser testing and as all the devices are virtual, there is no worry of managing the extra devices.
 
Collaboration: There are tools to communicate and collaborate with the team which impacts on your productivity in a good way. Test reports can be generated which are elaborate and provides all the information about the health of the app. These reports can be shared with the team online to analyze and resolve the issue.
 
Initial time and cost: To set up an actual device lab you will require dedicated cloud/network expertise and suitable infrastructure. On the contrary, if you use cloud-based platform for cross-browser testing then you don’t have to worry about the infrastructure and initial setup cost. Also, you will save a lot on maintenance cost and everything is preconfigured.
 
Comprehensive testing: To perform thorough cross-browser testing, you need a permutation and combination of mobile devices with different screen size, OS, browser, other features relevant to the app function. This will make a big hole in your pocket if you wish to buy that many devices. This is why cloud-based testing platforms are the best option.

Cross-browser-testing.gif

Types of Cross Browser Functional Testing

 
There are three types of cross-browser functional testing, multi-browser testing, multi-version testing, and concurrent testing. Let’s get familiar with all three of them.
 
Multi-Browser Testing: The application under test is opened on different browsers like Chrome, Safari, Opera, UC Browser, etc to check if the app works consistently across all the browsers. The app feature can be tested on multiple devices of different configurations and browser combinations.
 
Multi-Version Testing: In this type of testing the AUT is tested with different versions of any browser to check if the functioning is smooth. So if your app supports chrome version 40.0.2214, then the app must be tested on all the versions of chrome after 40 to check the functionality. One tester can perform the task and multiple devices will be used to perform the testing.
 
Concurrent Testing: In this, the application under test is checked simultaneously on different web browsers. There are four variations of this testing – single browser distributed concurrent testing, multi-browser distributed concurrent testing, Multi-browser concurrent testing, and single browser and single browser concurrent testing.
 

Conclusion

 
Cross browser testing combined with cross-platform testing will ensure that the app works smoothly in any type of environment. Especially for web apps, cross-browser testing cannot be avoided. Studies have suggested that people uninstall the app after using it once if the UI is not user-friendly. Even the app ratings on App Store and Play Store are affected by the user experience, leading to a lower number of downloads. Enterprises can save a lot of money and build a good report among the users by proactively testing their app thoroughly.

Originally posted on https://www.pcloudy.com/cross-browser-testing/

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Today the digital marketing is getting more and more popular and SEO is being very important these days. This is now an effective medium to sell and to hire many services and products as well. There are many companies that make use of these so that their business can be more visible, and it can reach the target market internationally. 

Role of SEO Expert

As there is a lot of competition in the market you need to market your products well. If you hire a good and professional SEO expert, then he will tell you some tips to improve the website ranking. While you choose one you need to make sure he is experienced and qualified, and he will do his job in good manner. You need to make sure he is prompt and he can change you in the most reasonable manner now. You can talk to him and tell him all about your needs. He is there to help you out.

Why  to Hire an SEO Expert?

If you hire a good SEO expert, then he will get you the best success. The expert will tell you the strategy that can work with the web and he can also make use of the strategy to assist your website. Her ewe has also mentioned a few reasons for which you should hire an expert.

Effective research

He will do the effective research that can make your business grow. This will help you to reach the target customers and the competitors. This can help you to get most of the online business ad they implement the most accurate and effective strategy for the website and generate the best results.

The essential technical know how

There are experts who keep themselves updated with the recent techniques and policies that can help you increase the traffic for your site, and this will also increase the remarkability of your site. With the use of the recent technology and the best marketing process and methods, the experts help you see your website and business in effective manner. This will save your time and you can gain more money with this.

You can get guaranteed results

You will always get guaranteed results when you hire seo experts. They will help you to boost the online ranking for the site and you can get the best guaranteed results. You can focus on making your site more and more effective or some other important aspects of the trade when the experts can handle the trouble of finding some new visitors for you. They will always ensure you the best google rankings and they will get you the best quality link building services now. 

If you want to enhance the website ranking, then hiring SEO experts can be a good decision for you. He will work for you and make sure you get maximum target audience. Just hire the bestexpert and you are going to have some very good time now.

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In today’s hyper-speed world with Digital Transformation taking the virtual world rapidly, there is an ever-changing customer behavior experienced all through, and businesses should align their products to these ever-changing customer patterns. Typically, businesses have been struggling to catch up with the proliferating changes and competition as there is no choice left but to deal with the rising customer expectations and align with them digitally for providing a continuous experience.

Interestingly, this sort of engaging experience has to be delivered through web apps and mobile apps to excel their business motto. Hence, applications (Web, Mobile, and desktop) necessarily should be tested for their performance and its ability to withstand and perform well under varying loads.

This kind of load testing is performed to determine the system’s behavior under both normal and under peak (numerous users) load conditions. If the application does not work properly under load conditions then, users would dump that app and choose the nearest competitor. Such a situation might adversely affect your brand. Hence, strategic load testing should be performed on the applications.

Significance of Load testing for Business Applications:

Load testing is essential for web and mobile applications because customer satisfaction is tied directly to how well these applications perform. The performance of websites is very critical and a high performing website improves the user experience a lot. Load testing simulates real-world load on any application or website and when done on a website it is named as website load testing. 

This kind of testing applications revolves around subjecting a computer, peripheral, server, network or an application to a peak level as per their specification limits and then test their performance accordingly.

These load testing services form an integral part of performance testing. These performance and load testing results are highly useful to know how the application or system performs under varying load conditions. An update on such load variations helps businesses to know the variations in application performance and configure their apps accordingly.

What Should Businesses do to make their Applications stable under varying Loads?

Businesses should necessarily add application load testing to their software development plans to step towards performance assurance. They should also plan for dedicated resources to develop, execute and adopt load testing services so that the application meets the customer standards. Customers have varying choices in the market and expect an application to execute well and perform well without any flaws. Thus, enterprises and businesses must ensure that the application delivers, even under heavy user loads, traffic spikes, failover switches and situations with network speed variables and perform aptly as per their expectations and deliver the great user experience.

Conclusion:

It is important to test the durability and scalability of an application or website especially running an e-commerce website is very complex and to remain competitive, Load testing becomes mandatory. For successful e-commerce platforms, quality assurance with load testing tools is essential to achieve effective performance. It is important to integrate performance testing into an automation pipeline to effectively define and codify your success criteria with DevOps implementations.

The actual integration with Continuous Integration (CI) tool needs to be done wherein test environments must be made available and notifications of failed load tests must be set up. Thus, proper planning of load tests is important and the creation of test scripts is equally important. Leverage load testing company expertise with to achieve flawless applications that perform well under different load conditions.

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Why Mobile SEO Is Important?

The appearance of Smartphones has changed our lives radically. We have developed a huge affection for our mobile devices. They have made it possible to look at our mobile phone as the first thing we do every morning. And the last thing we do at night. We use them for absolutely everything. And this is where the Mobile SEO comes into play and the great importance it has gained in recent times.

Mobile phones have revolutionized the way we use the web, and, therefore, SEO has also changed. Most of the searches we do on the internet are from the mobile. So, we need to know what we must do to make our website appear as high as possible when we search through a smartphone. During app development, ensure you communicate about your mobile SEO strategy with the top software companies.

What is Mobile SEO?

The Mobile SEO is to optimize your website to be compatible for users who access it from mobile phones and tablets. This practice is to find the right way for the resources included in your page to be accessible to the search engines of a smartphone.

58% of the searches carried out in Google are made from a mobile device. This trend is growing faster and faster. According to Google, there are almost 28,000 million more queries made from smartphones than from desktops.

What is Google Mobile First?

The Google Mobile-First index is responsible for classifying search results based only on pages that have only the mobile version. This tool works even when searching from a desktop.

This feature of Google has advantages that you should know:

• If your website is perfectly optimized for mobile devices it appears in the searches without giving any problem.
• Load the resources of your page on all devices.
• The page loads in a much more agile and fast way.
• You can enter internal links and redirects.

In the case of not correctly optimizing the mobile function for your web page, Google will show your page less and will not have as much scope.

There is something that is important and that you should know and is that Google considers "mobile device" only to smartphones. It does not include tablets, because there is already a special category for them. During app development, ensure you communicate about your mobile SEO strategy with the top software companies.

What advantages does Mobile SEO have?

There have been discussions on SEO for mobile for a while and now it's time to look into each of the advantages it can offer us. Pay attention, because this surely interests you.

• Use of Geolocation

In mobile phones, we have a factor that is much more precise than in desktop computers. It's about the location. With a smartphone, we can access the user's location almost perfectly. This allows the information provided by the search engine to be much more accurate, something that will greatly benefit the user. For example, if we are looking for an exact place, from a mobile device, we can know the position in which we are and in this way, know how much distance between us and our destination.

• A mobile device represents a user

From a desktop computer, we can search for information from a user or several users. However, when we perform a search from a mobile device, it is almost always done by a single person. This gives us more detailed information about this person and it will be easier to offer content of interest.

• Greater use

Websites that are optimized for mobile allow you to take better advantage of the access features. For example, the screen formats change from a computer to the screen of a smartphone, they are smaller, this forces us to make more efficient use of space. When we optimize the web pages for mobile devices, we have to take into account another factor and that is that our users will use the reduced keyboard to fill out our forms, perform searches, etc. We have to achieve adequate dimensions so that the person who visits our website feels comfortable and does not encounter difficulties when browsing our website.

Keys for Mobile SEO

These three key points that I am going to tell you next are vital when it comes to optimizing your mobile website. You must take them into account.

• You must tell Google if your page has a mobile format or not. This simplifies the work to Google and helps you show the right content to the users with the search results. It will also provide you with better positioning.
• Check that the resources can be tracked. If the Googlebot does not have access to your page's resources, it will not detect that it is created for a mobile device and will not display it.
• Avoid beginner mistakes. Do not include videos that can be a problem when playing. If your page offers the user a poor experience, its positioning will worsen in a considerable way since Google will display your page less and whoever visits it will probably not return.

As we have seen throughout this post, Mobile SEO is a tool that is entering our lives at lightning speed. Surely you have come to the conclusion that, if you have a website, the best thing you can do is optimize it for smartphones. The mobile SEO strategy can also be integrated into your mobile app by contacting top software companies.

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It’s always been advocated that having a website for your business is very important. A website will direct your potential customers to you. And with more customers comes business growth and expansion. WordPress is a great and popular software that can be used for web design purposes.

Why is WordPress popular?

WordPress is a very popular web designing platform due to various reasons. However, some of these reasons will be discussed. Here they are:

It saves time

WordPress is a very popular web designing software amongst web and mobile app development companies because it has templates, features, and plugins that can be used to design a beautiful and professional website. It, therefore, saves them time unlike when they have to build your website from scratch.

It reduces costs associated with web development

The WordPress development company has made it possible for websites designed with WordPress to be hosted online freely. If you build a website from scratch, you will still need to pay in order to have it hosted online. But with WordPress, this cost has been completely eliminated.

It has beautiful features

WordPress web development platform has been developed with numerous features that can be used to create lovely designs and beautiful websites. You can choose any theme you want and can even add plugins. In fact, there are thousands of plugins that you can select from.

Support services

WordPress developers have made it possible for app development companies to contact them for support and/or assistance, should they experience any challenges while designing a website or blog with WordPress. Various methods have been provided, such as email, phone, etc.

Secure web hosting service

Inasmuch as WordPress is free to host, it is also fast and very secure. So, you can be assured of security if your business website is developed with WordPress. All the same, the development company still undertakes regular maintenance services, including fixing of security issues and bugs in order to ensure that all future threats of cyber attacks are prevented.

Free website templates

WordPress has countless beautiful website templates that a web designer can choose from to design a professional website. There are templates designed for any kind of business, including e-business. So, if you plan to establish an online business, you can contact a well-known IT software solutions provider for inquiries on how you can get a website designed with WordPress.

It offers flexibility

WordPress provides more flexible options with how website contents can be displayed. This means that if your website is designed with WordPress, you can easily edit contents on your site and/or revamp your blog. Better still, if you have new products or websites that you’ll like to add to your website, it can be easily done if your website was designed with WordPress.

The above are some of the reasons why WordPress is popular amongst website and mobile app development companies. One good feature of WordPress is that it’s also available in a mobile app. Mobile app developers deserve some credits with this development. With the WordPress app, you can easily develop a website or blog on your iOS or Android device. You can as well add and/or remove contents easily and quickly. And just like the templates, the app also offers flexibility.

Why do you need the services of an experienced web or app developer?

While it is possible to carry out a web design by yourself with WordPress, it is strongly advisable to hire an experienced web developer or engage the services of any of the reputable app development companies because of some factors. Some of these factors are below;

Development of responsive app and/or website

An experienced WordPress specialist or app developer knows how to develop responsive websites and mobile apps. A good website should be able to display properly on Android and iOS devices. And if you want such a website for your business then the services of an experienced IT software solutions provider is essential. Bear in mind that most of your website visitors will be accessing your website with their mobile devices.

Attractive websites

Another reason why you should engage the services of web or app development companies for your website is that an experienced web designer or developer knows how to develop attractive websites with catchy designs aimed at turning web visitors to potential customers which is the sole purpose of developing the website in the first place. What this implies is that if you design your website by yourself, you may not be able to attract potential customers as much as an experienced developer would.

More languages

Top app development companies hire developers that can work with different languages. This means that if you want a website that is available in more than one language then you need the services of a top web development company.

So, with all that has been said, you can see that the services of web development companies are invaluable. And thanks to the WordPress development company, people are now beginning to understand this. With a professionally-designed website, businesses are generating more customers and clients, thus, leading to business growth and expansion.

Furthermore, you will observe that having a website doesn’t cost as much as many people think, especially if it is to be designed with WordPress. The WordPress development company has made it possible for business owners to have a website for their business. Notwithstanding, if you already have a website and you want to have it developed into an app, you will need the services of a top app developer.

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WordPress is a well-known and popular blogging platform which is used by most of the developers. It has its root as a blogging platform but now it is one of the best Content management system. With its immense themes and plugins, anyone can design elegant websites. Currently, it has more than two thousand WordPress templates. But, when you are working with WordPress you have to be aware of all its features and available options. So, in this article, we are taking a glimpse at 12 built-in WordPress options.

1. Convenient Tweet embedding:
It is just a simple copy and paste work. You can embed any of your’s post tweet just by copying the URL into the WordPress editor. Need not use embedded codes and screenshot, you can add active links and follow buttons easily.

2. Visual and HTML Editors:
You can augment the appearance of your posts and blogs with the use of visual editor and HTML editor. The visual editor is much simpler in use just as same as the ordinary Word Processor.

3. Forbid Comments:
You can disallow comments on a particular post. This can be done by selecting the discussion screen option and then unchecking allow comments and you are done. There is also an option of ‘trackbacks and pingbacks’.

4. Read more:
It will allow you to show just only a chunk of your post on WordPress. It will publish the whole write-ups and gives a reader the option of clicking a link or selecting ‘open’ to see the full post.

5. HTML incorporation in image captions:
HTML in Image captions allows you to add a link to a caption that is attached to an image. You can directly link an image to its original source and can illustrate from where it was taken.

6. Revisions:
All the versions of your posts are saved or not, you can ensure it by enabling this option. In the post edit page, you can see the time stamp of all the previous changes that you have done.

7. Live theme preview:
You need not apply a theme to a website to test how it looks and need not spawn a dev site. In the manage theme page there is a link provided ‘Live Preview’. You can see a preview of your theme just by clicking on that option.

8. Theme Customizer:
It made you available with a quicker way of editing and previewing a number of WordPress options at once. Some of them are static front page, background image, colors navigation, site title, and others as well.

9. Pagination:
If you want to split long blogs or posts to make them available on multiple pages. Then you need not quest for a plugin. You can enable the Page break option by pasting: <!–nextpage–> into your HTML editor.

10. Screen Options:
You can find this option in the post edit page, it is located on the upper right-hand corner. When you click this button, a drop-down menu is shown where you can activate the provided options by checking or unchecking them.

11. Size of Post Box:
When you switch from visual to HTML, the size of post Box does not tweak. For this you have to go to Settings->Writing->’Size of Post box option’. You can select the number of lines as per your convenience.

12. Youtube video incarnation:
Same as that of tweet incorporation, you can also embed Youtube videos. And, the steps are also the same. You just have to copy the URL and paste it into WordPress editor.

Wrap Up:
You can use WordPress more effectively by using all the above options. All will make your work easier to an extent. With the use of WordPress templates and all these options you can easily develop websites. Hope you enjoy reading this article.

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how to backup computer to external hard drive windows 10

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Test Automation Definition

Test Automation is an automated testing process and is the automation of testing activities. Where in this web portal on the area of software quality assurance or the software test is limited, so the IT sector?

This automated testing process tests software products on the market using test automation tools or self-developed test software. This test automation tool addresses and controls the software being tested. After each action, verification points are normally evaluated in order to check whether the result is as planned in the automated test step or in other way anomalies should be logged.

In the end, manually evaluate whether the anomalies are an error or not. For example, the displayed anomaly of the test automation tool could also be based on a new software version with correct and changed software design and "only" the test script was forgotten to update.

There are different levels of interfaces that test automation can use

  • GUI level - graphical interface
  • API editing - eg. HTTP
  • Code-level unit tests - also called module tests or component tests.

When and why is it useful to introduce a test automation?

Automated testing and the introduction of test automation into the QA process are not a " must " to produce high-quality software. However, test automation is useful for complex software with a higher proportion of regression tests (repeatable tests). Basically, a certain degree of regression testing speaks for a test automation.

If, on the other hand, a software (eg in the initial phase of the development process) changes very strongly and constantly, a test automation may not be the best choice, since the cost of maintaining the test automation can then be too high.

Particularly in the course of agile development, test automation can hardly be dispensed with. Most of the best practices and good testimonials from Agile experts agree that automated testing is an extremely useful addition to the shorter iterations. Thus, tests can also run overnight and tests can also run automatically after each code check-in including an automatic build process.

Continuous Integration, Continuous Delivery and Test Levels

Pyramid test stage partitioning and test automation in agile development methods

When we talk about the automatic build process and automatic tests after code check-in, the buzzword is "Continuous Integration," which has just come to the fore with agile methods. In the case of "Continuous Integration", an automatic software build and installation process should run after the code check-in. Afterward, unit tests run through the software to provide developers with feedback on the basic quality of the software in a very short time.

Other levels of testing, such as integration testing and system testing (automated GUI testing), can start automatically and provide quick feedback. It should be noted that the number of automated GUI tests should be much smaller than that of the unit tests. This is to illustrate the diagram of the  Agile Test Pyramid.

The target of test automation

A test automation does not have to accelerate the development process, the goal should rather be higher software quality through higher test coverage.

In the end, development time can certainly be shortened, as errors can be found earlier if the automated tests run more often, but this should not be the general focus. What is certain is the higher test quality and thus higher software quality, if a suitable amount of test automation is selected at all test levels according to the software and the goals.

If the software has a very high demand for regression tests, then automated testing is always a time saver as well as a cost saving. Because after the automated tests, thousands of test scripts can be run in a short time, whereas in the manual test you would need a lot of time and manpower.

For large software projects, which are tested for complexity with many regression tests, one quickly reaches such large dimensions in terms of the number of test cases and thus very long test execution times that one could no longer cover it with manual tests, even with multiple testers. In this case, a test automation is of course essential.

Advantages and disadvantages of test automation

Whether a "test script" is a better and more attentive "tester" than a "human being" depends on the exact case. If a manual tester tests regression tests 8 hours a day, if necessary, the same tests every few days, it is certain that a certain degree of operational blindness will be assumed. Because every person sometimes overlooks something, especially with such an approach.

On the other hand, test scripts can also have errors, and test automation tools can have bugs. And it can be forgotten to make any necessary changes to the test automation when software changes, so that the test script still runs through, but does not check everything correctly. Mistakes would be obfuscated and a certain amount of chaos would arise when looking at the results, even though they contain errors that are not found due to the poor quality of the test scripts. A human manual tester might have noticed these errors directly. A test script just checks exactly what you teach it.

Furthermore, a test automation script has just no intelligence. A human tester can always put his experience into play when running manual tests, and look left and right to see if there are any mistakes beyond the exact test steps. Here we come in the space of exploratory and experience-based tests.

Thus, a test automation is certainly never a replacement of the complete manual test. However, it is often a good tool in software quality assurance, and so in many complex and large software projects, a very large proportion of the tests are performed by automated testing methods.

Most errors are found, however, if you use both tools of the software test properly.

Setup of test automation and test tools

There is a large market of commercial and open source test automation tools. A very current and complete list can be found in this article: Test Automation Tools

There are various strategies for setting up a test automation system, from the introduction of existing test tools and customization to the complete in-house development of a complete test automation tool and test automation framework. In general, developing test automation always requires development experience and programming.

With a good test automation, however, only a small part of the test automation has to be able to program. Using methods such as keyword-driven and data-driven test automation can be automated to the outside with the use of "keywords". This may include a graphical user interface (UI) so that testers can easily and efficiently compile the automated tests graphically. It is also important to determine the desired granularity of the keywords by a comprehensive analysis.

The keyword-driven approach also has tremendous benefits in terms of maintenance. Maintenance of test automation is often an underestimated point, as the test automation system usually needs to be continually updated. In general, changes to the software should be made in as few places as possible when the software changes.

A good example of this is the "login" to a software application. This "login" test step will later come in handy in most test scripts and test cases, but no one wants to change hundreds, even thousands of test scripts when changing "login". To do this, a test automation solution must be structured in a reasonably structured way.

Automated testing is a real software project

Unfortunately, automated testing in companies often does not pay attention to what it takes. "Just on the side" is not appropriate here. Test automation quickly becomes so complex that it has to be set up like a software project. This also includes a version control to have the code of the test scripts in a source code repository and to be able to understand changes well.

Expenses should be estimated and test automation included in the project planning of the software being tested. Als,o budget must be planned sufficiently, forthe worker as well as tools and test environment. It will certainly be found errors in the existing test automation solution, these errors should be collected in large test automation projects in bug tracking tools (defect management tools).

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Thanks to our hectic schedule we can hardly keep track of our clothes leave alone washing and ironing. It is important to delegate this task to a reliable laundry service that can take care of your dynamic schedule and take care of your expensive clothes. However, all laundry service providers are not up to the mark and can make a mess of your expensive or branded clothes. Hence, it is important that we choose a reputable laundry service who will not mess up and damage our clothes.

 

If you are looking for Companies that provide laundry & drycleaning service for the location of Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Indirapuram,  Vasundhara, Gurgaon, lucknow then there are many such companies that re known for their reputation. You can just browse through the internet and choose the suitable one for you.

While you are browsing, keep a tab on the following fields to check if the laundry service you are using is the best one for you.

 

Quick turnaround time: Thanks to our busy schedule we are always chasing deadlines. Throughout the day we are so busy in our work that dropping dirty clothes for laundry in a Laundromat is the last thing on our mind. Hence, as usual the day before our important meeting we realize that the suit we want to wear is dirty and needs cleaning. Hence, it is important that we choose a laundry service that offers quick turnaround time. Ideally something that has a 48 hour time frame should work. However, also check if they offer express service of cleaning clothes within 12 hours in case of any emergency.

 

Takes care of our clothes: While choosing the best laundry service in your vicinity, ensure that you zero on one that takes good care of your clothes. Firstly, they should know how to take care of expensive clothes so that they do not get ruined while cleaning. Secondly, it is important that they know how to get rid of stubborn stains on various fabrics without using harsh detergents and acids. As acids and harsh detergents lead to color bleeding and damages the quality and strength of the fabric. You are trusting them with expensive branded clothes, so ensure that you check that the Laundry at your area is the right one for you.

 

Pick up service available: When you are zeroing onto Laundry service in your vicinity ensure that it has free pick up and drop services. Ideally, they should have a system where you can simply call them and ask them to pick up the stuff from your residence. Also on completion you do not have to wait to collect it from them, rather they will be sending the same to your residence.

 

You should browse through the various options available on net and zero onto one laundry service and same with drycleaning service. The service provider should be able to provide you various options for of cleaning your clothes and upholstery as may be required from time to time.

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